Cosmopolis, by Paul Bourget
In COSMOPOLIS, his psychological novel set in the Eternal City, Paul Bourget (1852-1935) studies "the contrast between the rather incoherent ways of the rovers of high life and the character of perennity impressed everywhere in the great city of the Caesars and of the Popes . . . where even the corners speak of a secular past, [evoking] some representatives of the most modern, as well as the most arbitrary and the most momentary, life." In the ephemeral Cosmopolis, ex-revolutionary and traditionalist Catholic, high-society exiles and American artist show themselves now citizens of the City of Man, now citizens of the City of God.